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Vision Problems

A concise guide to some of the most common vision problems treated at C&R Vision Center in Victor

There are many different types of vision problems that could be affecting your eyesight. But, for the purposes of this guide, we will be focusing on four of the most common causes of impaired vision. These, along with many other vision impairments, are treated with care and precision by the eye care providers at C&R Vision Center in Victor.


Astigmatism is an uneven or irregular curvature of the cornea or lens, which results in blurred or distorted vision. Other symptoms of astigmatism include the need to squint, eye strain from squinting, headaches and eye fatigue.

In reality, most people have some degree of astigmatism, which is usually present at birth and is believed to be hereditary. In minor cases, treatment may not be required but is certainly beneficial. Moderate to severe astigmatism can be treated with corrective eyewear or LASIK surgery.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsightedness, medically known as hyperopia, refers to vision that is good at a distance but not at close range. Farsightedness occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal, as measured from front to back, or when the cornea has too little curvature. This reduces the distance between the cornea and retina, causing light to converge behind the retina, rather than on it.

If you are mildly farsighted, your eye care provider may not recommend corrective treatment at all. However, if you are moderately or severely hyperopic, you may have several treatment options available, including eyeglasses, contacts, LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Your eye care provider at C&R Vision Center will help you determine the best treatment option for you.

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Nearsightedness, medically known as myopia, refers to vision that is good at close range but not at a distance. It generally occurs because the eyeball is too “long” as measured from front to back.

Nearsightedness is diagnosed during routine eye exams and possible treatments include eyeglasses, contacts, acrylic corneal implants, LASIK, radial keratotomy (RK) and photorefractive keratotomy (PRK). Your eye care provider will suggest the best treatment option for you.

Presbyopia (Aging Eyes)

Aging eyes, medically known as presbyopia, is a condition in which the lens of the eye gradually loses its flexibility, making it harder to focus clearly on close objects such as printed words. Distance vision, on the other hand, is usually not affected.

Unfortunately, presbyopia is an inevitable part of aging and cannot be prevented by diet, lifestyle or visual habits. However, it is treatable with several types of corrective lenses, including progressives, bifocals and trifocals, single-vision reading glasses, multifocal contact lenses and monovision therapy.

Vision Correction

C&R Vision Center in Victor provides treatment, consultation, and referrals for these common vision correction surgeries and procedures.

Vision correction is a general term used to describe a variety of optometric techniques for correcting less-than-perfect vision. For your convenience, we have included a brief description of some of the most common vision correction procedures offered at C&R Vision Center in Victor.

Low Vision Therapy

For most people, eyeglasses and contact lenses offer optimal vision correction. Sometimes, however, the vision may be reduced because of injury or underlying medical conditions, and cannot be corrected. Low vision options, including magnifiers, and audio books, could help the patient maintain or improve their quality of life. Ask us about your options! We work with excellent programs that may be able to help.

Vision Therapy

Some underlying conditions that can cause eyestrain and sometimes double vision may be in how your eye muscles work together. There may be a prescription for that, or some patients benefit from vision therapy to help the eyes work together more efficiently. Part of the comprehensive eye exam includes checking to see how the eyes work together, or “binocular vision.”


LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis) is a surgical procedure that uses a laser beam to reshape the cornea. Patients who are nearsighted, farsighted or astigmatic may benefit from this type of procedure.

Procedures such as LASIK has become more and more popular for patients who do not want to be dependent on eyeglasses or contact lenses. Ask us if you have questions! We may be able to tell you if you might be a candidate, or refer you to someone who will. Just remember, having your vision corrected by LASIK does not mean you don’t have to come in for routine eye exams to check the health of your eyes!

Corneal Reshaping (Orthokeratology)

Orthokeratology is a procedure for correcting myopia (nearsightedness) and mild astigmatism by gently reshaping the cornea with special contact lenses, which the patient places in his or her eyes overnight.

When successful, patients will experience clear vision during the day without contact lenses or eyeglasses. However, the results are temporary, so the patient must continue to wear the lenses regularly at night to maintain optimum results.

We can refer you to corneal specialists who would be able to evaluate if you would be a candidate for this procedure.

Your eye care provider at C&R Vision Center will work with you to diagnose your vision problem and suggest the best treatment option for your eyes at our optometric office in Victor. For more information, schedule an appointment with your eye care provider, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.